Wage Gap in 2019:
- There was no statistically significant difference in the wage gap between 2018 and 2019. Women working full time, year round were still paid just 82 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts.
- The wage gap was even worse for many women by race/ethnicity:
- Asian women working full time, year round were paid just 87 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men.
- Black women working full time, year round were paid just 63 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men.
- Latina women working full time, year round were paid just 55 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men.
- White, non-Hispanic women working full time, year round were paid just 79 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men.
Poverty in 2019:
- More than 13.8 million women 18 and older, or nearly one in nine, lived in poverty in 2019.
- Poverty rates were far worse for many women of color: 18 percent of Black women and 15 percent share of Latina women were in poverty last year as compared to 6 percent of white, non-Hispanic men.
- Women made up more than 6 in 10 seniors who lived in poverty last year, with the poverty rate for senior women at 10 percent.
- More than three in ten female-headed families with children were poor in 2019. Nearly 6 in 10 poor children lived in a female-headed household last year.
***The data released by the Census Bureau today reflects women’s economic situation in calendar year 2019 – before COVID-19. For data and analysis on how women are faring in the current economic crisis, see https://nwlc.org/resources/women-on-the-front-lines-tracking-womens-employment-in-the-covid-19-crisis/.
Health Insurance Coverage in 2019:
- Despite nearly 93 percent of women and girls having some form of health insurance in 2019, more than 12 million remained uninsured.
- Uninsurance rates varied by race/ethnicity:
- Latinx women and girls (15 percent) were three times more likely than white, non-Hispanic women and girls (5 percent) to be without insurance in 2019.
- 8 percent of Black women and girls were uninsured last year, along with 6 percent of Asian women and girls.
- One in ten non-elderly adult women were without insurance in 2019, meaning nearly 9.8 million women 19-64 were uninsured last year.
- Nearly 1 in 9 women of reproductive age (19-54) were uninsured in 2019, meaning more than 8.1 million were without insurance last year.
- Between 2013 and 2019, more than 11.1 million people gained health insurance coverage. However, 8 percent of people were uninsured in 2019.
***In 2018, Census stopped publishing data that provides analysis of women by race/ethnicity.