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NWLC Resources on Poverty, Income, and Health Insurance in 2016

NWLC’s detailed analysis of U.S. Census poverty, income, and health insurance data released on September 12, 2017 found that women’s poverty rates were once again higher than the poverty rates for men last year. It also showed that women working full time, year round continue to be paid just 80 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts. And it shows the success of the Affordable Care Act: nearly 90 percent of non-elderly women were insured in 2016.

Wage gap:

  • Women working full time, year round were paid just 80 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts in 2016.
  • Black women working full time, year round were typically paid just 63 cents for every dollar paid to their white, non-Hispanic male counterparts.
  • Latinas working full time, year round were typically paid just 54 cents for every dollar paid to their white, non-Hispanic male counterparts.

Poverty:

  • More than one in eight women 18 and older, more than 16 million, lived in poverty in 2016. This represents a 0.6 percentage point decrease from 2015.
  • About one in nine men (18 and older), about 11 million, lived in poverty in 2016. This represents a 0.6 percentage point decrease from 2015.
  • The poverty rate for elderly women was 10.6 percent in 2016, a .3 percentage point increase from 2015. Women made up nearly two-thirds of the elderly poor.
  • More than one in three female-headed families with children were poor in 2016, compared to 17.3 percent of male-headed households and 6.6 percent of married-couple families. Poverty rates were higher for Black women who head families (38.8 percent) and Latinas who head families (40.8 percent).

Health insurance:

  • More than 92 percent of women and girls had health insurance in 2016, up 0.4 percentage points from 2015.
  • Nearly 90 percent of non-elderly adult women had health insurance in 2016, up 0.7 percentage points from 2015.
  • The uninsurance rate for non-elderly adult women has dropped by 37 percent, from 16.9 percent in 2013 to just 10.6 percent in 2016.
  • More than 17 million non-elderly adult women relied on Medicaid in 2016, up nearly 3.5 million since the Affordable Care Act was implemented in 2013.

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Published On: September 12, 2017Associated Issues: Data on Poverty & IncomePoverty & Economic Security

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