Women in the U.S. who work full-time, year-round are typically paid only 83 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts. This gap in earnings translates into $10,435 less per year in median earnings, leaving women and their families shortchanged, especially during the current economic crisis. Although enforcement of the Equal Pay Act and civil rights laws, as well as other progress for women—including increased access to reproductive health care—have helped narrow the gender wage gap over time, addressing the significant pay disparities that remain is critical for the economic security of women and their families.