Millions of people—mostly women—work in retail, food service, hospitality, and other industries in which jobs often pay low wages and lack benefits. In many of these jobs, employees increasingly face “just-in-time” scheduling practices, including being given very little notice of their work schedules, being sent home early when work is slow without being paid for their scheduled shifts, and being assigned to “on-call” shifts that require them to call their employer (or wait to be called) to find out whether they will be required to report to work. Many employees have very little ability to make adjustments to their work schedules without penalty. And more than one in six people who are currently working part time would like to be working full time.