About one in eight women – just under 16 million – lived in poverty in 2017. Poverty rates were particularly high for Black women (21.1 percent), Native women (20.3 percent), and Latinas (18.1 percent). Families headed by single mothers (34.4 percent) were 5.4 times more likely than married couple families (6.4 percent) to live in poverty. Nearly six in ten poor children (58.2 percent) lived in female-headed families in 2017.
Click on a state below to see how many female-headed families are living in poverty, plus:
- The share of all women living in poverty
- The share of Asian women, Black women, Latinas, Native women, and white, non-Hispanic women living in poverty
- The share of children and of women 65 and older living in poverty
- You can also download the data for every state here, and see more of NWLC’s analyses of the latest data on women and poverty.
Poverty rates – National
National poverty rates calculated by NWLC based on the 2018 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.
Poverty rates – States
State poverty rates calculated by NWLC based on the 2017 American Community Survey.
Wage gap – National
Figures are the ratio of female and male annual median earnings for full- time, year-round workers. National wage gap calculated by NWLC based on the 2018 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.
Wage Gap – States
Overall wage gap figures by state calculated by NWLC are based on the 2017 American Community Survey. Figures for African American women and Latinas calculated by NWLC are based on 2012-2016 American Community Survey Five-Year Sample.
Uninsurance rates for women calculated by NWLC based on the 2017 American Community Survey.
Access to Care Due to Cost
NWLC calculations based on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Population Health. BRFSS Prevalence & Trends Data, 2016 Annual Survey.
Notes: State wage gap figures for women of color are calculated using the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey. The “Black” race category includes women who identified themselves in the survey as Black or African American. The “white” race category includes those who identified themselves as white, but not of Hispanic origin. The “Latina” category includes women of any race who identified themselves to be of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin.