More than one in eight women, nearly 16.3 million, lived in poverty in 2016. Poverty rates were particularly high for Black women (21.4 percent), Latinas (18.7 percent) and Native women (22.8 percent). Families headed by single mothers (35.6 percent) were 5.4 times more likely than married couple families to live in poverty. Nearly six in ten poor children (59.5 percent) lived in female-headed families in 2016.
Click on a state below to see how many female-headed families are living in poverty, plus:
- The share of all women living in poverty
- The share of Asian women, Black women, Latinas, Native women, and white, non-Hispanic women living in poverty
- The share of children and of women 65 and older living in poverty
- You can also download the data for every state here, and see more of NWLC’s analyses of the latest data on women and poverty.
Source: National poverty rates calculated by NWLC based on 2017 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement (http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/). State poverty rates calculated by NWLC based on 2016 American Community Survey (http://www.census.gov/acs/www/). Dashes indicate unavailable data. Female-headed families are families with female householders, no husband present and related children under 18.
Notes: The U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey allowed respondents to self-identity their race and ethnicity. “Black” refers to those who identified themselves to be Black or African American. “Asian” refers to those who identified themselves to be Asian. “Native” refers to those who identified themselves to be American Indian or Alaskan Native. “White, non-Hispanic” refers to those who identified themselves to be white, but not of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin. “Latinas” refers to women of any race who identified themselves to be of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin.