About one in eight women – just under 16 million – lived in poverty in 2017. Poverty rates were particularly high for Black women (21.1 percent), Native women (20.3 percent), and Latinas (18.1 percent). Families headed by single mothers (34.4 percent) were 5.4 times more likely than married couple families (6.4 percent) to live in poverty. Nearly six in ten poor children (58.2 percent) lived in female-headed families in 2017.
Click on a state below to see how many female-headed families are living in poverty, plus:
- The share of all women living in poverty
- The share of Asian women, Black women, Latinas, Native women, and white, non-Hispanic women living in poverty
- The share of children and of women 65 and older living in poverty
- You can also download the data for every state here, and see more of NWLC’s analyses of the latest data on women and poverty.
National poverty rates calculated by NWLC based on 2018 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement (https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/cps.html).
State poverty rates calculated by NWLC based on 2017 American Community Survey (https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).
Notes: The “Black” race category includes those who identified themselves in the U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey as Black or African American. The “Asian” race category includes those who identified themselves as Asian. The “Native” race category includes those who identified themselves as American Indian or Alaskan Native. The “white, non-Hispanic” race category includes those who identified themselves as white, but not of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin. The “Latinas” category includes people of any race who identified themselves to be of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin.
Dashes indicate unavailable data. Data are provided for women ages 18 and over. Female-headed families are families with female householders, no husband present and related children under 18.