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The Wage Gap for Mothers by Race, State by State

Maps State by State Comparisons

Click on a state below to see its wage gap for mothers. And visit our other state-by-state wage gap maps for information about other groups of women.

“What Mothers Make for Every Dollar Fathers Make” is the ratio of mothers’ and fathers’ median earnings for full time, year round workers. Mothers and fathers have at least one related child under 18 at home. Earnings are in 2016 dollars. NWLC calculations for mothers and fathers overall based on 2016 American Community Survey using IPUMS. NWLC calculations for mothers and fathers by race/ethnicity based on 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-year averages using IPUMS.

Mothers Overall
Families depend on women’s wages more than ever, but women working full time, year round are typically paid less than men working full time, year round in every state. And the wage gap between mothers and fathers is even worse, with mothers working full time, year round outside the home making just 71 cents for every dollar paid to fathers. Mothers overall fare best compared to fathers in Maine, making 85 cents for every dollar paid to fathers, and worst in Utah where they are paid just 58 cents.

Asian/Pacific Islander
Mothers who work outside the home full time, year round typically make 71 cents for every dollar paid to fathers. Nationwide, Asian/Pacific Islander mothers are paid just 85 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic fathers. The wage gap for Asian/Pacific Islander mothers varies widely by state.

Black
Mothers who work outside the home full time, year round typically make 71 cents for every dollar paid to fathers. Nationwide, Black mothers are paid just 54 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic fathers. The wage gap for Black mothers varies widely by state.

Native
Mothers who work outside the home full time, year round typically make 71 cents for every dollar paid to fathers. Nationwide, Native mothers are paid just 49 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic fathers. The wage gap for Native mothers varies widely by state.

White, non-Hispanic
Mothers who work outside the home full time, year round typically make 71 cents for every dollar paid to fathers. Nationwide, white, non-Hispanic mothers are paid just 69 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic fathers. The wage gap for white, non-Hispanic mothers varies widely by state.

Latina
Mothers who work outside the home full time, year round typically make 71 cents for every dollar paid to fathers. Nationwide, Latina mothers are paid just 46 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic fathers. The wage gap for Latina mothers varies widely by state.