Congress approved a $2.37 billion increase in funding for the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), the major federal child care program, in March 2018. This was a historic increase for CCDBG, a program that provides funds to states to assist low-income families in affording child care, to help ensure the health and safety of child care, and to invest in improving the quality of care. Many states have already determined how they will use, or have already used, the new funds to help more families access high-quality child care. As shown in this report, states are using the funds to increase payment rates for child care providers that serve families receiving child care assistance, serve families on the waiting list for assistance, and implement the new requirements of the 2014 CCDBG reauthorization law. Yet further federal and state investments will be necessary to fully address existing gaps in the affordability, availability, and quality of child care.