When times are tough, work is impossible, or wages aren’t enough – circumstances that are especially common for women facing multiple forms of discrimination – supports such as nutrition assistance, tax credits for working families, and rental assistance can help fill the gaps between inadequate income and the rising costs of food, rent, and raising children. These supports also further long-term economic mobility, improving health, education, and employment outcomes for individuals and families.

To demonstrate the importance of these programs for women, this brief highlights participation data and demographic break-outs for several key income supports that:

  • Improve nutrition, including SNAP, WIC, the Commodity Supplemental Food Program, national school meals programs, and the Child and Adult Care Food Program;
  • Boost incomes and support work, including TANF, Unemployment Insurance, Social Security, Supplemental Security Income, the EITC, and child support enforcement; and
  • Make housing more affordable, including housing assistance and the Low-Income Heating and Energy Program.
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