Wage Gap in 2021:  

  • Women working full time, year round were paid just 84 cents for every dollar paid to men in 2021, not statistically different from the previous year. 
  • The full-time, year-round wage gap was even worse for some women by race/ethnicity: 
    • Black women working full time, year round were paid just 67 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men. 
    • Latina women working full time, year round were paid just 57 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men. 
    • Native American women working full time, year round were paid just 57 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men.
    • White, non-Hispanic women working full time, year round were paid just 80 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men. 
  • Among all workers, regardless of how many hours or weeks they worked, women were paid just 77 cents for every dollar paid to men in 2021. 
  • The wage gap among all working women and men was even worse for some women by race/ethnicity. Regardless of hours or weeks worked in 2021: 
    • Working Black women were paid just 64 cents for every dollar paid to working white, non-Hispanic men. 
    • Working Latinas were paid 54 cents for every dollar paid to working white, non-Hispanic men. 
    • Working Native American women were paid 51 cents for every dollar paid to working white, non-Hispanic men.
    • Working white, non-Hispanic women were paid just 73 cents for every dollar paid to working white, non-Hispanic men. 

*** The labor market experienced dramatic shifts in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This included massive job losses, especially among low-paid workers, and millions of workers leaving the labor market altogether, some for extended periods of time. Many workers remained unemployed or underemployed in 2021 and many others remained out of the labor force altogether, meaning they were not working or looking for work. As a result, the data from 2021 may give the appearance of a change in the wage gap for some groups but may not be comparable to wage gap data for prior years. 

*** Wage gap data is not yet available for Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AANHPI) women, which is calculated using annual 1-year American Community Survey microdata from the U.S. Census Bureau and has not yet been released.

Poverty in 2021:  

  • Nearly 15.3 million women 18 and older, or more than 1 in 9, lived in poverty in 2021. 
  • Poverty rates were worse for many women of color: 18.8 percent of Black women and 17.0 percent of Latina women were in poverty last year as compared to 7.1 percent of white, non-Hispanic men. 
  • Over 11.1 million children, or over 1 in 7 lived in poverty in 2021.  
  • Poverty rates were worse for many children of color: 27.3 percent of Black children and 22.4 percent of Latinx children were in poverty last year. 
  • Over 3 in 10 female-headed families with children were poor in 2021. 
  • Nearly 6 in 10 poor children lived in a female-headed household last year. 
  • Women made up more than 6 in 10 seniors who lived in poverty last year, with the poverty rate for senior women at 11.6 percent.  
  • In 2021, critical programs and expanded benefits kept millions of people out of poverty:
    • Unemployment insurance lifted 2.3 million people out of poverty in 2021.
    • Refundable tax credits lifted 9.6 million people out of poverty in 2021.
    • Economic impact payments, or stimulus checks, lifted 8.9 million people above the poverty line in 2021.
    • Housing subsidies lifted 2.4 million people out of poverty in 2021.
    • The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or food stamps, kept 2.8 million people above the poverty line in 2021.
    • Social Security lifted 26.3 million people above the poverty line in 2021.
    • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families lifted 500,000 people out of poverty in 2021.

 Health Insurance Coverage in 2021:  

  • Despite nearly 93 percent of women and girls having some form of health insurance in 2021, more than 12.0 million remained uninsured. 
  • Uninsurance rates varied by race/ethnicity: 
    • Latinx women and girls (16.4 percent) were much more likely than white, non-Hispanic women and girls (4.4 percent) to be without insurance in 2021. 
    • 7.5 percent of Black women and girls were uninsured last year, along with 6.0 percent of Asian women and girls. 
  • One in ten non-elderly adult women were without insurance in 2021, meaning nearly 10.0 million women 19-64 were uninsured last year. 
  • Nearly 1 in 9 women of reproductive age (19-54) were uninsured in 2021, meaning more than 8.2 million were without insurance last year. 
  • Compared to 2013, nearly 14.7 million more people have health insurance coverage. However, 8.3 percent of people were uninsured in 2021. 

***In 2018, Census stopped publishing data that provides analysis of women by race/ethnicity. 

***The Census Bureau only counts individuals as uninsured in 2021 if they did not have insurance for all 12 months. Because of the job losses experienced in 2020, the effects of which lingered for much of last year, and the many people who remained out of the labor force in 2021, some people may have been without health insurance at some point last year. However, because they may have had insurance for part of the year, they are not counted among the uninsured and therefore uninsurance rates for 2021 may appear artificially low.