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State by State

The state a woman lives in can have a significant impact on everything from the laws that protect her from job discrimination to her access to reproductive health care. At NWLC, we track key state laws and policies that affect women and their families, and we crunch the numbers to analyze where women currently stand in each state.

84 cents

Women who work full time, year round are typically paid only 84 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts.  

9.3%

9.3% of women age 19-64 do not have health coverage of any kind.  

15.5 million

Over 1 in 9 women, more than 15.5 million, live in poverty.

Sources:

Poverty rates – national  
National poverty rates calculated by NWLC based on 2023 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement 

Poverty rates – states 
State poverty rates calculated by NWLC based on 2022 American Community Survey 

Wage gap
Figures are the ratio of women’s and men’s median annual earning for full time, year round workers. National wage gaps calculated by NWLC based on 2023 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Overall wage gap figures by state calculated by NWLC are based on 2022 American Community Survey. Figures for Black women and Latinas calculated by NWLC are based on 2017-2021 American Community Survey 5-year estimates.  

Uninsured women  
National uninsurance rates for women calculated by NWLC based on 2023 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement 

State uninsurance rates for women calculated by NWLC based on 2022 American Community Survey. 

Access to care due to cost 
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Population Health. BRFSS Prevalence & Trends Data, 2022. The share of women reporting trouble accessing healthcare due to cost could not be calculated for Florida as Florida is no longer participating in the National Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. 

Note 
Black women refers to those who self-identified in the Current Population Survey or American Community Survey as Black or African American. White men refers to those who identified themselves as white, but who indicated that they are not of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin. Latinas refers to women of any race who identified themselves to be of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin.