Caregiving responsibilities can dramatically reduce both the number of hours someone can work and the jobs they can take. Caregiving affected labor force participation rates before COVID-19, but the pandemic amplified its impact as school and child care closures led many working parents, especially mothers with young children, to cut back hours working for pay or pushed them out of the labor force entirely. The pandemic also increased the care needs among older and disabled adults given outbreaks in nursing homes, a shortage of care workers, and the delay in many routine treatments. A lack of affordable care for older and disabled adults is keeping many family caregivers from working full time, and the pandemic makes them even more vulnerable to job losses.