This fact sheet is not legal advice. It gives you general information only. Individuals considering legal action should consult with their own legal counsel.
This describes the typical steps in litigation in federal court. State and local courts may have different processes and names for documents. The litigation process can take a long time, sometimes as long as years.
Before the case starts and anytime during the case, the parties may try to come to an agreement through settlement. Very few cases go all the way to trial.