The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act makes important advances in women’s health care, addressing a crisis of discrimination and obstacles to access truly national in scope. Indeed, a major purpose and concern of Congress in passing the ACA was improving women’s health and ameliorating the disadvantages and discrimination women have faced in obtaining health care and health insurance. Like the civil rights laws of the past 50 years, the ACA aims at “a moral and social wrong” that itself has profound economic consequences. Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States, 379 U.S. 241, 257 (1964).