In 2016, a number of states increased funding for preschool programs, made policy changes to comply with the federal Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) Act of 2014 (which reauthorized the major federal child care program), or took other steps to expand or improve early care and education opportunities for children and families. Yet few states made the significant new investments necessary to meet the important goals of the CCDBG Act of 2014, which aims to ensure the health and safety of children in child care, improve the quality of care, and make it easier for families to access and retain child care assistance. And several states made cuts that will further limit families’ access to affordable, high-quality early care and education. Federal and state policy makers will have to do much more to ensure that families have the child care and early education that parents need to work and that children need to start on a path to success in school and in life.