Wage Gap in 2020: 

  • Women working full time, year round were paid just 83 cents for every dollar paid to men in 2020.
  • The wage gap was even worse for many women by race/ethnicity:
    • Asian women working full time, year round were paid 101 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men.
    • Black women working full time, year round were paid just 64 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men.
    • Latina women working full time, year round were paid just 57 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men.
    • White, non-Hispanic women working full time, year round were paid just 79 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men.

***Between February and April 2020, 22.3 million people lost their jobs, many of whom were low-paid workers. Millions of these workers were unemployed for extended periods of time and millions of others dropped out of the labor force entirely and have yet to return.

***Since wage gaps capture full-time, year-round workers, this year’s data cannot fully capture what happened to wages in 2020. It is not possible to compare this year’s data to previous years since it fails to account for the massive job losses workers, and especially low-paid workers, experienced in 2020.

*** Wage gap data is not yet available for Native American or Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander women.

Poverty in 2020: 

  • Nearly 15.1 million women 18 and older, or more than 1 in 9, lived in poverty in 2020.
  • Poverty rates were far worse for many women of color: 19.0 percent of Black women and 16.8 percent of Latina women were in poverty last year as compared to 6.8 percent of white, non-Hispanic men.
  • Women made up more than 6 in 10 seniors who lived in poverty last year, with the poverty rate for senior women at 10.1 percent.
  • Nearly 1 in 3 female-headed families with children were poor in 2020.
  • Nearly 6 in 10 poor children lived in a female-headed household last year.

Health Insurance Coverage in 2020: 

  • Despite more than 92 percent of women and girls having some form of health insurance in 2020, more than 12.6 million remained uninsured.
  • Uninsurance rates varied by race/ethnicity:
    • Latinx women and girls (16.6 percent) were three times more likely than white, non-Hispanic women and girls (4.7 percent) to be without insurance in 2020.
    • 8.9 percent of Black women and girls were uninsured last year, along with 5.8 percent of Asian women and girls.
  • Over one in ten non-elderly adult women were without insurance in 2020, meaning nearly 10.3 million women 19-64 were uninsured last year.
  • Over 1 in 9 women of reproductive age (19-54) were uninsured in 2020, meaning more than 8.5 million were without insurance last year.
  • Compared to 2013, over 12.2 million more people have health insurance coverage. However, 8.6 percent of people were uninsured in 2020.

***In 2018, Census stopped publishing data that provides analysis of women by race/ethnicity.

***The Census Bureau only counts individuals as uninsured in 2020 if they did not have insurance for all 12 months. There were massive job losses which caused some workers to have lost employer sponsored health insurance coverage at some point last year. However, because they may have had insurance for part of the year, they are not counted among the uninsured and uninsurance rates for 2020 may appear artificially low.