This term, the U.S. Supreme Court will decide whether the federal law protecting pregnant workers from discrimination means what it says. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) requires employers to treat pregnant workers the same as they treat those who are “similar in ability or inability to work.” At issue in Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc. is whether an employer who accommodates the medical needs of employees with non-pregnancy related disabilities and injuries (as is often required by virtue of the Americans with Disabilities Act, for example) must extend the same type of accommodations to pregnant workers with similar medical needs. If the Supreme Court rules against Peggy Young, it will lead to many pregnant workers being forced to choose between their jobs and the health of their pregnancies. This fact sheet describes the case and what is at stake in the Supreme Court’s decision.