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The federal minimum cash wage for tipped workers has been frozen at $2.13 per hour for 25 years, and now represents less than a third of the federal minimum wage ($7.25 per hour)—its lowest share ever. And because women represent more than two-thirds of tipped workers nationwide, they, and the families that depend on them, pay the price when the tipped minimum wage falls short.

Click on a state below to see its statewide minimum wage and tipped minimum wage, plus the share of tipped workers who are women.


Share of tipped workers who are women: NWLC calculations of 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS) five-year averages using Steven Ruggles, J. Trent Alexander, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Matthew B. Schroeder, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 6.0 [Machine-readable database]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2015. Figures include all employed workers.

Minimum wages: U.S. Department of Labor, Minimum Wage Laws in the States, January 1, 2017.

Tipped minimum wages: U.S. Department of Labor, Minimum Wages for Tipped Employees, January 1, 2017.

Some sub-state localities have adopted minimum wages above their state minimum wage, and some state minimum wage laws (e.g., Oregon and New York) provide for minimum wage rates in specified metropolitan areas that vary from the statewide base wage. For more detail on local minimum wage rates, see the Economic Policy Institute’s Minimum Wage Tracker.

Tipped worker wage gap: NWLC calculations of 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS) five-year averages using Steven Ruggles, J. Trent Alexander, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Matthew B. Schroeder, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 6.0 [Machine-readable database]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2015. Figures include full time, year round workers in tipped occupations.

Share of female tipped workers in poverty: NWLC calculations of 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS) five-year averages using Steven Ruggles, J. Trent Alexander, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Matthew B. Schroeder, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 6.0 [Machine-readable database]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2015. Figures include all workers in tipped occupations.

Published On: January 30, 2017Associated Issues: Low-Wage JobsMinimum WageWorkplace