Since Congress cut off federal emergency unemployment insurance benefits in December 2013, the number of long-term unemployed—workers who have been seeking employment for more than six months—who have lost this vital lifeline has grown from more than 1.3 million to more than 3 million.  Long-term unemployment is a continuing crisis for both men and women, and their families. However, women’s typically lower earnings when they are employed and their far greater likelihood of being single parents makes them and their children more economically vulnerable when both income from work and modest unemployment insurance benefits are lost.  For that reason, this issue brief highlights long-term unemployment trends among women and the impact of parents’ long-term unemployment on children.